Pascal was a toy programming language written by Professor Nicklaus Wirth to teach how to compile computer languages on small machines of the early 1970's. Unhappily it has been taken seriously by many people, who have built great systems on such a shoddy language between the late 1970's and early 1990's, including the cheap Turbo-Pascal that revolutionized programming on personal computers in the 1980's, but also TeX that is still widely used.

See Modula-2, Modula-3, and Oberon for more serious successors of Pascal. See also languages of the ML family for well-designed modern strongly-typed algebraic languages without absurd fascist limitations.

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